It is a neurological condition that results from an abnormal autoimmune response in which the immune system attacks healthy brain cells, which can result in inflammation and brain damage.
The etiology of autoimmune encephalitis
In recent years, numerous clinical studies have been conducted to investigate autoimmune encephalitis. A recent study concluded that treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and steroids may be effective in reducing brain swelling and improving symptoms in some patients with autoimmune encephalitis. However, more studies are still needed to determine the best way to treat this condition.
Symptoms of autoimmune encephalitis in children
They can vary depending on the severity and the affected area of the brain, but some of the more common symptoms include:
- Fever: A high and persistent fever is one of the first signs of autoimmune encephalitis in children.
- Headache: Severe and frequent headaches can be a sign of brain inflammation.
- Confusion or Altered Consciousness: Children may experience confusion, difficulty concentrating, or temporary loss of consciousness.
- Movement problems: Autoimmune encephalitis can cause abnormal movements, such as tremors or jerking, or problems controlling movements.
- Vision problems: Encephalitis can cause vision problems, such as double vision or difficulty focusing.
- Speech problems: Encephalitis can cause speech problems, such as stuttering or difficulty articulating words.
- Personality or behavior changes: Encephalitis can cause changes in personality or behavior, such as aggression, anxiety, or depression.
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